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Journal of Competitiveness

Pecking at Pecking Order Theory: Evidence from Pakistan’s Non-financial Sector

Sheikh Jibran, Shakeel Ahmed Wajid, Iqbal Waheed, Tahir Masood Muhammad

Keywords:
pecking order theory, capital structure, debt issuance, equity, non-financial firms, bankruptcy, trade-off

Abstract:
This study tests the Pecking Order Theory for the capital structure of listed firms in Pakistan. As per Pecking Order Theory in capital structure formulation, internally generated resources would have first priority, followed by debt issuance where equity is used as a last resort. In its strong form, the Pecking Order Theory sustains that equity issues would never occur, whereas in its weak form, limited amounts of issues are acceptable. The methodology adopted in this empirical study involves cross-section regressions and the testing of hypotheses stemming from the underlying theory in its strong and weak forms. A sample of capital structure of non-financial firms listed at KSE is considered from 2001 to 2008. A statistical tool of panel data regression analysis is used to test different firms’ data. The value of R2, t-test and F-Stat indicate firms in KSE supporting the weak form of pecking order theory, i.e., the option of using internal equity and debt is more preferred and a limited amount of external equity is used for reinvestment and fund raising purposes.

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Pecking at Pecking Order Theory: Evidence from Pakistan’s Non-financial Sector [PDF file] [Filesize: 537.42 KB]

10.7441/joc.2012.04.06


Sheikh J., Shakeel A. W., Iqbal W., Tahir M. M. (2012). Pecking at Pecking Order Theory: Evidence from Pakistan’s Non-financial Sector. Journal of Competitiveness, 4 (4), 86-95 https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2012.04.06

Journal of Competitiveness

  

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ISSN 1804-171X (Print); eISSN 1804-1728 (On-line)


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