≣ MENU

Search For:  
Czech |  English

Journal of Competitiveness

Quantification of Tourism Sector Parameters Related to Competitiveness of Countries According to Macroeconomic Indicators

Beata Gavurova, Andrej Privara, Jana Janikova, Viliam Kovac

Keywords:
gross domestic product, competitiveness, employment, investment, expenditure, macroeconomic indicator, cluster analysis

Abstract:
The paper investigates the relations of the macroeconomic indicators related to the competitiveness of the tourism sector among the explored countries. The tourism sector plays an important role with the purpose of contributing to the economy of each country and, thus, its competitiveness among the other countries. The fundamental aim of the paper is to investigate the relations between the macroeconomic indicators related to tourism and their influence on the economy of the countries. The data set comprises the eight macroeconomic indicators, of which the four ones are related to the gross domestic product, the two ones to employment, the penultimate one to investment, and the last one to expenditure. The observed period covers the years 1995 to 2019. The Euclidean distance is employed to evaluate the similarity of the countries and the cluster analysis to group them successively. There are several patterns visible in the analysis outcome. Firstly, the countries that behave differently for both groups of the indicators with Mexico at the top position. Secondly, the countries with considerable change throughout the observed period where Greece stands at the most extreme position for the gross domestic product indicators and Hungary in the case of the other economic indicators. Thirdly, Chile remains at the evenest position throughout the whole explored period for the first group of the indicators and the United States for the second group of the indicators. Finally, Australia has almost the same development for both groups at the evenest tendency.

Fulltext download:

Quantification of Tourism Sector Parameters Related to Competitiveness of Countries According to Macroeconomic Indicators [PDF file] [Filesize: 1.45 MB]

10.7441/joc.2021.03.04


Gavurova, B., Privara, A., Janikova, J., & Kovac, V. (2021). Quantification of Tourism Sector Parameters Related to Competitiveness of Countries According to Macroeconomic Indicators. Journal of Competitiveness, 13(3), 56–72. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2021.03.04

Journal of Competitiveness

  

Copyright © 2009-2021 Tomas Bata University in Zlin. All rights reserved.
Search powered by Google™

ISSN 1804-171X (Print); eISSN 1804-1728 (On-line)


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.