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Journal of Competitiveness

The Study of Entrepreneurial Intentions and Entrepreneurial Competencies of Business vs. Non-Business Students

Tanja Zdolsek Draksler, Karin Sirec

Keywords:
entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial intentions, entrepreneurial competencies, tertiary education

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship contributes to economic growth and job creation and thus to competitiveness. Nevertheless, the question remains of how to stimulate entrepreneurial activity, especially in the case of youth as a disadvantaged group. The key to entrepreneurial activity is entrepreneurial competencies and entrepreneurial intentions. Young people can acquire and develop both through entrepreneurship education. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurial competencies of university students in Slovenia from a socio-psychological perspective. A conceptual research model based on Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the competency approach was developed, also applying the assumption that entrepreneurial competencies influence entrepreneurial intentions. The applied research methodology was a quasi-experiment. The research sample of 837 students consisted of an experimental group (involved in entrepreneurship education) and a control group (not involved in entrepreneurship education) examined by a pretest and a post-test. Various statistical analyses were used to determine correlation, comparison, and dependency. Although it was confirmed that the conceptual research model is appropriate and that some of the factors studied do influence entrepreneurial intentions, we could not find a higher level of entrepreneurial intentions or entrepreneurial competencies by students involved in entrepreneurship education. Nevertheless, the conceptual research model has statistically confirmed that the TPB and entrepreneurial competencies are linked. It was also revealed that entrepreneurial competencies partly influence entrepreneurial intentions. This study forms a basis for further research in the field of entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurial competencies.

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The Study of Entrepreneurial Intentions and Entrepreneurial Competencies of Business vs. Non-Business Students [PDF file] [Filesize: 1.41 MB]

10.7441/joc.2021.02.10


Zdolsek Draksler, T., & Sirec, K. (2021). The Study of Entrepreneurial Intentions and Entrepreneurial Competencies of Business vs. Non-Business Students. Journal of Competitiveness, 13(2), 171–188. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2021.02.10

Journal of Competitiveness

  

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ISSN 1804-171X (Print); eISSN 1804-1728 (On-line)


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